|4 July ||W.W. Holden inaugurated as NC governor
despite objections of Governor Worth.
[Harris, Holden 244.]
|Late July ||NC legislature passes act incorporating counties and
townships. Holden is authorized to appoint
municipal officials at this time, with elections
to be held later. [Ashe, History of NC, Vol. 2, 1077.]
|July- Aug. ||Holden appoints municipal officers, including Wyatt
Outlaw (town commissioner in Graham).
|September ||Jacob A. Long claims formation of White Brotherhood
with six members in Alamance County. [Jacob A.
| ||Formation of Constitutional Union Guard in Alamance.
|December ||Caswell Holt whipped. Holt swears out warrant
against some of his attackers, but accused
are not convicted. [SR 341-349.]
|January ||William R. Albright elected mayor of Graham and appointed
magistrate. [SR 78.]
|February ||Allen Paisley, a black minister, leads a group of blacks
impersonating KK in attacks on freedmen. Paisley
and several others are arrested, tried, and
imprisoned. [Trial 537-563.]
| ||Armed town police in Graham authorized by Mayor
Albright, with members to be selected by town
commission. Members include Aleck Ruffin, Henry
Band and James Underwood. Total of 4 blacks and 1 white
(Underwood). [Trial 1895-96, 1919, 1922.]
|Feb/ March ||KK demonstration in Graham aimed at breaking up town
police. Shots are fired. KK later claims that Henry
Holt and Wyatt Outlaw fired upon them. [Trial
|March ||Calls for retaliation against KK voiced at Union League
meeting in wake of Graham raid. Mayor Albright and
Outlaw oppose retaliation. [Trial 1916-1918.]
| ||Holden sends militia troops, possibly local troops, to
Alamance under command of Captain Bosher. [Trial 1893-
| ||Escalation of KK violence, including attacks on Joe
Harvey and Squire Alston.
|April ||WB plan to execute Caswell Holt for bringing Klansmen
to court halted by Jacob Long. [Trial 2240; Third
|12 April ||NC legislature passes act making wearing disguises a
felony. [Greensboro Patriot, 6 June 1869.]
|mid April ||Daniel Worth’s schoolhouse burned by White Brotherhood.
[Third Message 181-184; SR 304; Trial 572-574.]
|June ||WB leaders begin transferring membership to CUG.
Number of CUG klans in Alamance rises to five.
|July ||Wash and Nelson Morrow (sons of Jeff Morrow) burn barns
of William Jones, Jesse Morrow (white), and Franklin
Miner near Orange- Alamance line. Wash and Nelson are
arrested, later taken from jail by WB and harassed. WB
shoots Wash, who dies of his wounds. Nelson is found
not guilty. [Albion W. Tourgee Papers. R9, item 1541,
R10 item 1576?; Patriot 4 November 1869.]
|5 August ||Township elections of JP’s and clerks in Graham. Outlaw
probably elected to town commission at this time.
[Patriot 27 May 1869.]
|October ||Jeff and Dan (brother-in-law) Morrow hanged by WB for
their supposed role in July barn burnings.
|Oct- Dec. ||KK violence escalates again after a lull.
|26 November ||Alonzo Corliss beaten by WB and ordered to leave
Alamance. [SR 341-49.]
|2 December ||Holden sends troops to protect Corliss, who has had several
of his attackers arrested. None are indicted, and
Corliss leaves the area soon afterward. [Third Message
|16 December ||Senator Shoffner of Alamance introduces bill for stronger
militia. [Patriot 6 June 1872; Trelease 203.]
|Late December ||Caswell Holt visited by WB a second time. Holt is shot 7
times and taken to Graham to recuperate, where he remains
until April 1870. [SR 341-49; Trial 1311-1328,
|January ||Town meeting to protest Shoffner bill held. [Trial
|1st Monday ||Election of Graham town commissioners. [Trial 302.]
|6 January ||CUG plan to kill Shoffner halted by Dr. John A. Moore.
[Third Message 165-66, 178, 236; SR 25-26.]
|26 February ||Wyatt Outlaw executed by WB in Graham. [Trial 1192-95,
1363-69; SR 31-32, 159, 259-260, 311; Jacob A. Long
confession; Patriot 3 March 1870, 11 March 1870;
Third Message 87-90, 212-214, 223-225; Tourgee Papers
R10, item 1551, 1568.]
|7 March ||Governor Holden declares Alamance in a state of
insurrection and sends federal troops. [Third Message.]
| ||William Puryear murdered by WB for having knowledge of
Outlaw’s killers. [Trial 519-524, 1307-1311.]
|May ||State Senator John W. Stephens murdered by WB in
Caswell County. [Third Message.]
|Late May- Aug.||Holden declares Caswell County in a state of
insurrection and sends troops to Caswell and Alamance
under Kirk’s command. [Third Message 17.]